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新基建下對充電樁建設形勢展望
2021.08.12
    充電樁對于電動汽車的重要性不言而喻,現今新基建下對充電樁建設形勢展望,是如何的呢?下面合肥充電樁廠家為大家從以下幾點分析,
新基建下對充電樁建設形勢展望
    從結構區分(fen),主要可分(fen)為純電(dian)(dian)動汽車和(he)混(hun)(hun)合(he)動力汽車兩類,其(qi)中,純電(dian)(dian)動汽車(非(fei)(fei)換電(dian)(dian)模式)對充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)的(de)(de)依賴度(du)較高(gao),其(qi)整個生(sheng)命(ming)周期主要通過(guo)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)來(lai)完成能(neng)源補(bu)給(gei)(gei);相較而言,混(hun)(hun)合(he)動力汽車對于充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)的(de)(de)依賴度(du)偏低,混(hun)(hun)合(he)動力汽車又可分(fen)為插電(dian)(dian)式混(hun)(hun)合(he)動力汽車(PHEV)和(he)非(fei)(fei)插電(dian)(dian)式混(hun)(hun)合(he)動力汽車(MHEV),其(qi)中MHEV完全(quan)不通過(guo)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)來(lai)進(jin)行(xing)能(neng)源補(bu)給(gei)(gei),而PHEV也(ye)只有(you)少(shao)數情況下通過(guo)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)來(lai)進(jin)行(xing)能(neng)源補(bu)給(gei)(gei)。從技術原理上分(fen)析,可以發現并不是(shi)所(suo)有(you)的(de)(de)電(dian)(dian)動汽車都需(xu)要充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)來(lai)服務。

    合肥充電樁廠家從電動汽車從車型區分,可分為商用車和乘用車,各自的充電場景有別。商用車中,純電動商用車占主導地位,主要可以分為純電動公交車、純電動客車、純電動貨車、純電動環衛車等。商用車使用頻率普遍較高,對充電樁有更強烈的需求,主要通過公用類充電樁和類充電樁完成能量補給。乘用車存在個人自用和商業運營兩種情況,其中,個人自用乘用車由于使用強度不高,且普遍有較固定的行程,如能隨車配建私人充電樁,基本上可以通過較低充電功率的私人充電樁完成日常充電,并通過公用類充電樁完成應急補電;用于商業運營的乘用車,由于使用強度較高,行程不固定,雖然隨車配建私人充電樁可以每日對車輛進行一定程度的能量補給,但是其對公用類或類充電樁的需求依然強烈。乘用車中,純電動乘用車占比較高超過80%,這其中又有較大比例作為共享汽車、網約車電動投入使用。

    合(he)肥充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)(zhuang)廠家(jia)結合(he)行業企業反饋,各(ge)(ge)類電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)汽車(che)對于(yu)公共(gong)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)(zhuang)(公共(gong)包(bao)含(han)公用類和類)中的(de)直流(liu)(liu)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)(zhuang)的(de)需求(qiu)情況(kuang)不同。純(chun)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)公交(jiao)車(che)、純(chun)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)客車(che)對直流(liu)(liu)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)(zhuang)需求(qiu)比約(yue)為5:1,純(chun)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)物流(liu)(liu)車(che)、純(chun)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)環衛車(che)對直流(liu)(liu)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)(zhuang)需求(qiu)比約(yue)為7:1。新能(neng)源(yuan)乘用車(che)對直流(liu)(liu)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)(zhuang)需求(qiu)比約(yue)為20:1。由(you)于(yu)交(jiao)流(liu)(liu)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)(zhuang)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)功(gong)率(lv)普遍較低(di),充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)速率(lv)較慢,預測(ce)未來公共(gong)交(jiao)流(liu)(liu)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)(zhuang)主(zhu)(zhu)要布局(ju)在商超(chao)停(ting)(ting)車(che)場(chang)、居民區停(ting)(ting)車(che)場(chang)以(yi)及各(ge)(ge)種分散式停(ting)(ting)車(che)場(chang),同時也(ye)會與直流(liu)(liu)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)(zhuang)進(jin)行搭配(pei)建(jian)設(she)。公共(gong)交(jiao)流(liu)(liu)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)(zhuang)主(zhu)(zhu)要以(yi)輔助身份與直流(liu)(liu)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)樁(zhuang)(zhuang)共(gong)同搭建(jian)公共(gong)充(chong)(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)網絡。

    合肥充電樁(zhuang)廠家從近一年的(de)公共充電樁(zhuang)中交(jiao)流(liu)、直流(liu)充電樁(zhuang)月(yue)保有(you)量和月(yue)增量分析可以發現(xian),其比(bi)值(zhi)(zhi)為6:4,預期未(wei)來較長一段時間都(dou)會維(wei)持在這個比(bi)值(zhi)(zhi)。而(er)私人充電樁(zhuang)也(ye)難以實現(xian)電動汽車與充電樁(zhuang)的(de)比(bi)值(zhi)(zhi)達到(dao)1:1。
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